Posted May 25, 2010 by thekikuyus
Categories: In my country

Conflict over land was on Monday cited as the main cause of violence between communities in the Rift Valley.
Members of the Kalenjin community told the Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission that their kinsmen were moved to ‘reserves’ by white settlers in the highlands.
This was done to pave way for the establishment of settlement schemes, which “were later dished out to Kikuyus” after independence in 1963.
According to the Kalenjin, the Kikuyu who benefited from their ancestral land were either imported from other regions or were working for the European settlers.
However, Mr Michael Mwangi Kimani from Sorget defended the Kikuyu against claims that the Kenyatta regime gave them free land.
“I am a teacher and the land I have was allocated to me by my father. It has genuine title deed and was bought from white settlers at independence,” said Mr Kimani.
Embattled Truth commission chairman Bethuel Kiplagat chaired the public hearing at Kenya Forestry Service Training College at Londiani in Kipkelion district.
The commission, which is investigating historical injustices from 1963 to February 28, 2008, listened as the people spoke about the conflict that led to the 2007 General Election chaos.
Kipkelion was one of the areas hit hard by post election violence, which left more than 1,300 people dead and another 650,000 displaced.
Representatives of the predominant Kalenjin and Kikuyu communities who were involved in the violence differed during their presentation. But they both agreed that the main cause of the violence was land.
Ethnic group
Mr Joseph Soi from Londiani claimed the translocation of names from the Kikuyu ethnic group contributed to animosity and called for their immediate scrapping.
The speakers urged Mr Kiplagat not to listen to those urging him to quit.
The local MP Mr Magerer Lang’at defended the TJRC team saying certain politicians wanted it disbanded because they feared they would be exposed.


Only Kenyans themselves can halt their own destruction

Posted February 15, 2008 by thekikuyus
Categories: Be and let be


Only Kenyans themselves can halt their own destruction Story by KOIGI WA WAMWERE
Publication Date: 2/15/2008

AS FIGHTING SUBSIDES, TO get a conclusive cure, we must ask ourselves why it started in the first place, and look for solutions at all levels – individual, leadership, and community.For sure, the volcano was ruptured by an electoral dispute, but its red hot lava that has scotched the whole land was building up for a long time, fed by our contempt for democracy that we have thoroughly subverted with negative ethnicity and killing of members of other communities among us when they vote differently.

Yes, we have been fighting for a tribalised presidency: Our community must win or we go to war.

We have also been fighting because, to us, other communities are guilty of their leaders’ sins for which we must kill them. And there other reasons.

Poor Kenyans hacked their neighbours with machetes hours after the president was sworn in, not because of the elections but because, whoever won, they had planned to ethnically cleanse and create their own ethnic state by killing and evicting neighbours from enemy communities.

Unfortunately, relatives of evictees and government have helped to actualise majimbo with counter-evictions and evacuations to ancestral homelands.

IT IS NOT MAJIMBO, SOME ARGUE, but theft of elections that caused violence! But who stole elections and why would a poor man from one community, supposedly made mad by rigging, hack to death his poor neighbour from another community who couldn’t possibly have rigged elections?

Fundamentally, we are fighting because, as communities and individuals, we are full of ethnic venom and hate each other. To make sure we kill one another, negative ethnicity whispers to us:

‘‘Other communities are devils we must kill’’ ‘‘If one of them is president, we are finished’’; ‘‘They want to rule us by force’’; ‘‘We are poor because they are rich’’; ‘‘If we kill and evict them, there will be more land, jobs and businesses for us’’; ‘‘Our ethnic enemies are animals, not people’’; ‘‘If we don’t kill them, they will kill us’’. And so on.

To save Kenya, we must eradicate negative ethnicity, the progenitor of all demons that we have in our minds and hearts.

Surreptitiously, negative ethnicity has brought to Kenya millions of devils to destroy her. And should you doubt the capacity of negative ethnicity to destroy Kenya, visit Eldoret, Kisumu or Naivasha.

Today, many express surprise that we are fighting. They say we buried negative ethnicity in 2002. We did not. As all united against the Kikuyu during the referendum and last elections, in 2002, all united against Kanu, Moi and the Kalenjin.

Even electing Kibaki against Uhuru Kenyatta, a fellow Kikuyu, was to many, sending one ethnic thief to catch another. Thereafter, ethnic hate reigned supreme.

Kenyan communities are ruled by ethnic fears. Even elections are stolen out of these fears. What if our enemies win?

Communities have so thoroughly demonised one another that thinking of leadership from another community is an unbearable nightmare. And the recent slaughter and ethnic cleansing have only made these fears worse.

For a lasting cure, communities must undergo exorcism, reconciliation and healing, without which, not even a national coalition of ODM and PNU will save Kenya.

Down here, communities hate and fear each other too much to embrace. Consequently, an all-inclusive coalition and reconciliation of communities must go hand in hand because communities cannot simply put themselves in the exclusive hands of those they fear.

As we seek to eradicate negative ethnicity, so must we unemployment. When we see youth mirthfully kill, it is not for elections; they take it as an opportunity to loot, rob, rape and extort.

To these youth, the war is a godsend. But politicians are not loath to use war by youth as a trump card. They can even turn off the taps of violence and death if they wish. If they don’t, the world should charge them with genocide and crimes against humanity at The Hague.

Though Kenya bleeds and hurts, her desire to fight is not dead. Propelled by negative ethnicity, the ideology of genocide and a hypnotising death-wish, Kenya still courts the very tragedies that have destroyed Africa.

Worse, as Kenya self-destructs, its chaos poses a mortal danger to East Africa whose survival depends on its infrastructure and stability.

WE SAY THERE IS NO GENOCIDE yet. But President Kagame of Rwanda warns us that genocide does not start with a million deaths but  five, then 10, then 50, shortly it grows to 100, then it goes to thousands. By the time you realise what is happening, it has a gained a momentum that is wiping out life in villages and communities and is getting out of control?

Ultimately, to save Kenya, more than anything else, we need the courage to say no to our negative ethnicity and ethnic sins of our communities.

And it must all start, not with pointing fingers of guilt at others, but with ourselves.

As we anxiously await Kofi Annan to midwife a solution for Kenya, we must remember the baby will only be as good as our conception and delivery of it.

Mr Wamwere, the former MP for Subukia, is the author of ‘Negative Ethnicity: From Bias to Genocide’.


Posted February 14, 2008 by thekikuyus
Categories: where we stand

Kenya: Refugees Clash in Uganda

The Monitor (Kampala)

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Frank Nyakairu, Rodney Muhumza and Agencies

UGANDAN authorities said on Sunday they were forced to separate Kenyan refugees according to tribe as a result of growing ethnic tensions and two failed poisoning attempts in Ugandan camps.

More than 6,000 Kenyans fled to Uganda to escape two weeks of riots and ethnic clashes that have killed 500 people in their homeland since President Mwai Kibaki’s disputed re-election last month.


Rivalries between some of the refugees have simmered since their arrival, and the arrest of two men caught trying to poison food for other displaced Kenyans pushed hostilities higher.

“We arrested two men thought to be Kalenjin militiamen mixing poison in refugees’ food at St Jude Primary school, which is acting as the refugees’ reception centre,” Tororo Resident District Commissioner Mpimbaza Hashaka told Daily Monitor yesterday.

Kalenjin tribesmen in Kenya have been responsible for many recent attacks on members of Kibaki’s Kikuyu ethnic group back in Kenya. Mr Hashaka said Friday’s incident in the border town of Malaba followed a similar one earlier last week when another man was found mixing poison in beans being prepared for Kikuyu refugees sheltering at a nearby church.

The man was also arrested, but later escaped from jail.

Separately, Mr Hashaka said two wounded Kenyan refugees had been admitted to hospital after they fought over the election result, only to resume their battle in front of doctors.

“They came from warring tribes,” he said.

At least 10 cases of tribal attacks among refugees had been reported, he said, revealing that such attacks were fuelled by drug abuse among the refugees. “So we have decided also to ban alcohol and opium,” Mr Hashaka said.

He said the Kikuyus, who are the majority, have been housed in primary schools while the rest are being housed in churches. The U.N. World Food Programme is due to begin food distribution to displaced Kenyans in the area on Monday. But due to the rising tensions, Mr Hashaka said, the Ugandan authorities had been forced to segregate the refugees into three ethnic groups of Kikuyus, Luos and Kalenjins.

“We have been forced to separate three major tribes – the Kalenjin, Kikuyu and the Luo- and we are counselling them to remind [them] that the law will catch up with anyone who attacks another,” Mr Hashaka told Daily Monitor.

Meanwhile, the population of Kenyan refugees in Uganda now exceeds 6,000, up from 2,900 six days ago, the government said in a statement yesterday. “Currently, the population that has been registered is 6,130 as per 9/01/08. While receiving these refugees, the government of Uganda…has given a three weeks emergency period (ending January) to manage the protection issues of these refugees,” the statement, signed by Disaster Preparedness Minister Tarsis Kabwegyere, said.

“At the lapse of this period and the situation warranting, these refugees will be settled in designated refugee settlement areas.”Kenyan refugees are being registered in the districts of Bukwo, Nakapiripirit, Bududa, Kapchorwa, Tororo, Busia and Manafwa.

The statement did not say whether the influx of refugees was causing a crisis of management, but there were reports that Ugandan authorities have had to separate them according to tribe following the poison scare.

Following the disputed December 27 presidential elections, Kenya descended into a political crisis as riots and tribal clashes killed at least some 500 people and displaced hundreds of thousands.

The clashes seemed to pit opposition leader Raila Odinga’s Luo community against President Mwai Kibaki’s Kikuyu people, who are perceived to hold a grip on Kenya’s economy and politics. Mr Odinga, who claims he was denied victory through a fraudulent tallying process, has now called for mass protest rallies this week after talks mediated by Ghanaian President John Kufour failed.

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Mr Odinga’s announcement may have spread new fear among Kenyans, especially since the Kenya government looks set to forcibly block the planned rallies. But it remains to be seen if Uganda would be prepared to accommodate large influxes of refugees should the situation there deteriorate. There are indications that Uganda’s capacity to accommodate refugees has already been stretched.

“The government of Uganda, together with UNHCR, plans to relocate the refugees from the various reception centres to a transit centre to be located at former Mulanda Technical Institute in Tororo,” Prof. Kabwegyere’s statement said. “The district leadership has been engaged to avail this land for temporary accommodation of the refugees.”

The first refugees to enter Uganda were registered at Integrated Primary School in Malaba and at St. Jude Primary School in Busia-reception centres that are managed by the Uganda Red Cross Society.


Posted February 10, 2008 by thekikuyus
Categories: I am Kenyan


Wait for a minute, did I hear you say that the Kenyan mass tribal killings is a ‘Kenyan internal affair¨? To me as is to many aggrieved Kenyans, the killings have been carried out by internal terrorists ready to stop at nothing until their power and wealth machinations are forced on the terrorized citizens.
Well, let us then start from there. I personally believe in the independence of Nations but that is a long as those nations respect the right to life of its citizens and all other nationals within the borders. Had I been a president within the region, I would respect the integrity of the neighboring country as long as the authorities are doing their work to protect and respect the right to life of everyone within its territory.

Provided I have the necessary manpower and logistics I would look for all possible solutions to stop killings instigated by terroristic politicians in that country. Many innocent lives have been destroyed, lost and terrorized by bands of killer militias sponsored by tribal chiefs in Rift Valley, Nyanza, Western and now Central and Nairobi revenge attacks.

As the killings happened, some of the regional leaders looked on, and those who said something did nothing positive to force the attackers stop the genocide. Maybe the killings were not matching those of Rwanda Genocide to warrant action by neighbors. As is with Kenya, I remember the world looked on and did nothing but evacuate its citizens. But Uganda went there indirectly and stopped the long time planned genocide. In Kenya it is an ongoing genocide no matter what those feeling guilty of involvement or inaction call the massacres. The regional leaders could tell that the Kenyan Government had failed to give security to the targeted 2 tribes, the Kikuyus and Kisii.

Their Embassies in Nairobi knew and saw what was coming before it did. What can be said is that the regional leaders thought about borders and not lives in danger. An indication that they had no will or resolve to enter Kenya and assist the government to offer security to all whose fate was at stake. That could not be called an invasion but a rescue mission. Whoever would be opposed to such move could as well have been part of the problem.

We in Kenya wondered why our neighbors could not send their armies in Kenya and force the return of law and order. Its common that the opposition in neighboring countries would have shouted themselves dry if such action was taken by the president. But, although no effective action was taken by either Uganda or Tanzania not to mention Rwanda and Burundi, the insensitive opposition in those countries sided with the culprits in their war song that elections were rigged in Kenya. Shamelessly, some opposition figures in the region and their tribal chiefs went further to draw parallels about land and property owned by Kikuyus.

But instead of raising funds for the displaced in Kenya, the opposition in especially Uganda lied several times that Uganda president had sent forces inside Kenya. I wish he had done so because the killings were taking place just across the border and death of so many innocent people would have been stopped.

It is unforgettable that the opportunistic opposition in neighboring countries made fools of themselves by blaming Kibaki for the mess. A mess they knew nothing about or didn’t care to investigate and find out that the mayhem wasn’t triggered by a rigged election result, but was a plot planned long time back. The rigging claim was just an excuse to trigger the massacres of Kikuyus and in a lesser degree the Kisii in Rift Valley. Same killings took place in 1992 and 1997 while Moi was president.

A senseless campaign by the Baganda about land ownership can if it goes unchecked trigger killings in that country in near future.

Gideon Moi said recently; the initiators of the killings in Kenya are known and they should be arrested. As Moi’s son, he knows what he is talking about. Those inciting tribal talk in Uganda are known and the earlier the tribal talk is made to stop and the tribal land demand is rejected the better for this region.

In Kenya, although there are land owners owning huge tracks of land, none has been killed by the tribal killing machines. Their properties were not burnt or destroyed by the marauding militias, since the politicians, were giving orders to the killers and paying them for doing so. The hate goes further than land. Kikuyus are being blamed for having taken all the wealth for themselves. This is a silly claim since not all Kikuyus are rich or well to do. The majority of them, 99%, just like the rest of the citizens, are poor living in very poor conditions, in same slums, same small and unproductive land and jobless. As is for the rest of the Kenyan communities only one percent can be said to have good life.

The claim that the Kikuyus have taken all good jobs in the country for so long is an open lie since the Kikuyus are outnumbered by the rest especially the Kalenjins in the security organs such as the army, GSU, police and the intelligence not to mention the Kikuyus had been out of state house since 1978 until 2003. The claim that they have overstayed in power for long is such an open lie. The story is the other way round since Moi had made sure no Kikuyus progressed with his assistance since 1982. All that can be said is that things went wrong and exploded this year.

Meanwhile, let the leaders of this region come to the rescue of Kenya. Majority of Kenyans are in fear of their future and its time to assure them that they have caring neighbors out there who can stand for them and assure them of security when need arise. Kenyans want to feel that they have friendly leaders out there ready to come in between them and avert the disaster in the making. Terrorized Kenyans want to feel secured by the regional leadership when their government and politicians fails to offer protection to life or are overcome by internal terrorists.

What does it benefit neighbors if they allow us to destroy ourselves? The leadership in this region will be measured by the position they take when their neighbors are killing themselves away repeatedly but not by how far away they stand from offering effective solutions which sometimes would mean sending in troops to save lives.

Death doesn’t know internal affairs. No mass deaths are an internal affair to any Nation. There are no borders when the authorities expected to safeguard lives fail or are overcome by insurgents. The regional leadership should stand up for its terrorized regional citizens for the good of the region and its inhabitants.

Just as much efforts are employed to avoid an attack by external terrorists, to protect lives, the internal regional terrorists terrorizing regional citizens by inciting tribal wars should face effective measures by the entire regional leadership led by the region boss, H.E General Yoweri Museveni to end terror, killings and destruction of property and infrastructure. Kenyans are calling, hear their cry.

Kenya, killings not about election rigging

Posted February 10, 2008 by thekikuyus
Categories: where we stand

How State land policy shaped conflict Story by KIPCHUMBA SOME
Publication Date: 2/9/2008

Relentless violence in the Rift Valley seems to have been sparked by more than last year’s disputed presidential election, according to interviews by a cross section of local people.Judging by the form the violence has assumed in recent days, it appears evident that the poll outcome explosion was just but a cover for animosity by communities in the region against one another.

Interviews by the Saturday Nation revealed that the increased population in the region had put pressure on available land, forcing some of the indigenous people to seek ways of recovering land that was “irregularly” allocated to non-indigenous communities.

“Yes, we were unhappy about the election outcome,” says Mr Paul Yego, a resident of Uasin Gishu. “But more importantly, the presidential election result presented us with a good chance to ‘right’ some of the historical wrongs committed against us as a community.” 

Topping the list of these “injustices” is the emotive issue of land ownership in the cosmopolitan Uasin Gishu District. 

Ten years ago, the Justice Akilano Akiwumi-led Judicial Commission of Inquiry into Tribal Clashes during the 1992 and 1997 general elections said that land disputes fuelled the violence in Rift Valley. 

And like this year, Uasin Gishu District was hit hard during those clashes. Other areas included Molo and Nakuru’s sorrounding areas.

In Uasin Gishu, the area that experienced the worst violence in the latest ethnic attacks, the land issue spans the two major phases of Kenya’s history: the colonial and the post-colonial eras of Presidents Jomo Kenyatta and Daniel arap Moi.

Upon arriving in the country, the British sent Africans into reserves to find huge tracts of land, which they transformed into estates and plantations for cash crops like tea and coffee as well as food crops such as maize and wheat.

Due to their suitability, Central province and parts of Rift Valley province such as Uasin Gishu, Nakuru, Trans Mara, Trans Nzoia, Kericho and Nandi were greatly affected by this uprooting. 

Consequently, what used to be the open grazing and farming lands of the Kalenjin and Kikuyu were transformed into coffee, tea, wheat and maize plantations. 

“Instead of restoring our lands that we lost to the white settlers, a few individuals benefited, relegating the majority of us to squatters even with the attainment of independence,” says Peter Kaburu, a settler in Uasin Gishu. 

To deal with the new problem, the government resettled the new squatters in trust lands in far off places such as Rift Valley and the Coast province. 

“We were unhappy when the government plucked us from our ancestral homes,” says Mzee Simon Kamenya, whose family settled in Uasin Gishu in 1967. “But who were we to challenge Kenyatta’s government? And since we had no lands of our own, we had little choice but to do as the government said,” he adds. 

A number of people from Central province were given the opportunity to buy land in the Rift Valley through land-buying companies. 

Because of this, the Kikuyu in particular, found themselves owning land in the heart of Kalenjinland which they renamed after the villages and towns they had come from. That is how villages such as Rironi, Kiambaa, Munyaka, ya Mumbi, Kimumu, Gatonye and many others came to be in Uasin Gishu.

This did not go down well with some of the indigenous people as they perceived this as an act of dispossession. 

“Independence did not do justice to us,” says Alfred Kiptum. “Instead of giving us back our lands, the government went ahead and handed them over to foreigners,” he says. 

When Moi became president in 1978, the community had hoped that he would reverse what they perceived to be an injustice perpetrated against them by the Kenyatta regime. “Disappointingly, President Moi did nothing. Instead he went ahead to carry on from where his predecessor left,” says Mr Kiptum. 

On taking office, President Moi had made it clear that he was going to follow in the footsteps of the Founding Father. “With this edict, President Moi not only protected the migrant community, he went ahead to dish out the lands for which our fathers had fought and died to his friends in government,” says Mr Jonah Kimaiyo. 

The community alleges that Mr Moi sidelined the villagers to whom the land originally belonged.

The community often cites the disposal of the East Africa Tanning and Extract Company (Eatec) land in 2001 as an example of the injustices that continue to be perpetrated against them. “The rich people of this country benefited from the Eatec land. We got nothing,” says Mr Kimaiyo. 

The community says that the 80,000-hectare Eatec land should have been given back to them since it was their ancestral land. “And if it were to be sold, this should have been at reduced prices and we should have been given priority,” said Thomas Koross, a resident of Turbo.

However, the company and the government rejected both proposals. They stipulated that the land would be sold to any willing buyer and the price of an acre was set at Sh50,000. 

The local community saw this as a calculated move to sideline them since most of them could not afford the price. 

“Where were we going to get that kind of money considering that period was a difficult one for the community economically?” asks Mr Koross. 

Mere spectators

“We became mere spectators as our land was partitioned to people from other areas,” says Mr Koross.

During the collapse of major industries in the area, including the once vibrant Kenya Cooperative Creameries, the economic fortunes of the local people went down drastically.

Price of maize and wheat slumped in the wake of an influx of cheap imports. 

Thus the majority resorted to selling parcels of their land from time to time to meet the cost of basic needs. And since most people in the community were impoverished and could not afford to buy this land, it was simply sold to anyone who could buy irrespective of their origins. It was also in this way that other communities including those from Central and Kisii came to own parcels of land in Uasin Gishu. 

Whereas it can rightly be argued that these deals were legal since they were done on a willing-buyer willing-seller basis, a majority of the indigenous people argue that they were forced by external forces to do so. 

“We sold our lands to educate our children in the hope that they would get good jobs and buy back these lands. But look at them; most of them are vagabonds, living far worse than we did. There is little to show for the lands we sold,” says Mzee Richard arap Mosbey.

Kenya, arrest these warlords, say Gedion Moi

Posted February 10, 2008 by thekikuyus
Categories: Be and let be

Prosecute sponsors of violence, says Gideon

Published on February 5, 2008, 12:00 am

By Alex Kiprotich

Former Baringo Central MP, Mr Gideon Moi, has asked the Government to arrest perpetrators of violence.

Moi said the perpetrators are known and the Government should be firm in dealing with them to ensure that the violence did not recur.

“The culprits must be apprehended and prosecuted so that the country can be at peace,” he said.

The former MP spoke at Kongoy farm in Elementaita, where more than 400 displaced people are camping. He said violence should not be condoned and that law and order must be enforced regardless of the political affiliation of the sponsors of the violence.

“They are known and action should be taken against them irrespective of who they are,” he said.

Moi, accompanied by his wife, Zahra, donated food and other items to the displaced.

Meanwhile, the Kenya Red Cross (KRC) has appealed for blood donation to assist victims of post-election violence.

In a statement to newsrooms, KRC Secretary General, Mr Abbas Gullet warned of a looming crisis as the number of the injured increased.

Kenya, leaders funding violence

Posted February 10, 2008 by thekikuyus
Categories: In my country

Who is funding the violence?

Published on February 7, 2008, 12:00 am

By Stephen Ndegwa

Kenya has always been viewed as a “stable democracy”, an “African example” in matters of peace mediation and reconciliation particularly due to its experience in handling the Sudan and Somali conflicts.

But today every political commentator thinks the country has always been “waiting to explode” and we ignored clear “signs of anarchy” and that we all buried our heads in the sand whenever suggestions were made that the country must eliminate tribalism and settle land issues blah blah.

Watching the violence escalate across the country, one wonders whether the images represent the true picture about our country. The truth is never reflected on television images.

It has been claimed variously that the violence was “pre-planned” while other people particularly ODM leaders said it was spontaneous expression of anger after Kibaki was declared the president.

The latter sounds true going by what happened on the first day in Kisumu, Kibera, Mombasa and Western Province. However, in the Rift Valley, organised gangs struck with vengeance, killing people and burning houses.

I personally spoke to a displaced person from Eldoret, now being hosted by relatives in Nairobi, who said she witnessed two lorries ferrying men and petrol in Eldoret town where groups of seven to ten burnt “enemy” property. Owners had to flee while others were butchered.

Note that television footage shows the houses were burned to ashes.

When the Ainamoi MP was killed in Eldoret last week , the Kisii were attacked and their houses burnt in Kericho and the Sotik –Borabu border has since been a place of death.

Where would poor villagers get petrol to burn houses?

Again consider the commodity has been very scarce as oil transporters have kept away from business.

Who is funding this violence?

Why did the MPs from the affected areas remain in posh Nairobi suburbs instead of talking to their supporters to stop the violence. Could the silence mean they were “guilty,” had something to hide, approved of the killings or they simply didn’t care?

The government and politicians should stop hoodwinking Kenyans. Somebody instigated and funded the annihilation of other Kenyans.